EVOLVING TREND OF SMOKING AND ITS IMPACT ON NUTRITION

There have been major shifts in the smoking environment in recent years, with new smoking fads appearing across a range of groups

Overview

There have been major shifts in the smoking environment in recent years, with new smoking fads appearing across a range of groups. Currently, many people have begun to investigate the connection between smoking and food choices as they become more conscious of the importance of proper nutrition to one’s health and well-being.

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Changing Attitudes toward Smoking

Increasing public knowledge of the dangers of smoking combustible tobacco products has led to a steady decline in this cultural norm. This has led to a rise in the popularity of smokeless tobacco products, especially among the youth of today. Some of these tendencies are:

  • Vaping and electronic cigarettes have emerged as popular substitutes for tobacco cigarettes. Aerosols, frequently flavored, give nicotine without the tar and toxins present in traditional tobacco products, making them a supposedly safer alternative. 
  • Hookahs and Shishas: Water-pipe use, also known as hookah smoking, has become more popular, especially in more affluent social circles. Studies show it may still have many of the same negative health effects as regular smoking nonetheless.
  • Cannabis Smoking: The widespread acceptance of cannabis smoking may be attributed to the widespread legalization of the drug in recent years. Cannabis smokers still risk respiratory and health problems, despite popular belief to the contrary.
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Nutritional Preferences and Cigarette Use

Smoking habits may have far-reaching effects on both food choices and general nutrition. There are a number of causes for this:

    • Nicotine, a key ingredient in both conventional and alternative smoking techniques, has been shown to have appetite-suppressing effects. As a consequence, smokers may not feel as hungry, which might lead to poor dietary habits and malnutrition.
    • Secondhand smokemay temporarily impair taste perception by altering taste buds. Because of this change, people who smoke may choose meals that are rich in taste and calories at the expense of a healthy diet.
    • Nutrients Deficiencies:A number of vitamins and minerals, including calcium, vitamin D, and vitamin C, are absorbed at lower rates in those who smoke. Deficits in general health and immunological function may result from this interference.

The Nutritional Needs of Cigarette Smokers

To preserve smokers’ general health, it is essential to address their dietary issues. Possible approaches include the following:

4.1. Education and Awareness: The first step in reducing the negative effects of smoking on one’s diet is education and awareness. Healthcare practitioners and nutritionists play an important role in advising smokers on how to eat healthily.

4.2. Smoking Cessation Programs: Encouraging smokers to participate in smoking cessation programs can lead to improved food choices when the smoker’s appetite and sense of taste return to normal after stopping smoking.

4.3. Recommending a healthy diet that’s high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean meats might help smokers make up for any nutritional deficits they may have as a result of their habit.

4.4. Nutritional counseling may help smokers understand the link between their habit and their diet, and encourage them to make better food choices.

4.5. Nutrient Supplementation: In some instances, medical professionals may advise patients to take certain nutrient supplements, such as vitamin D or calcium supplements, in order to compensate for nutritional deficits brought on by smoking.

Nutritional Recommendation

5.1. Consume More Fruits and Vegetables:

Fruits and vegetables are rich in critical vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that may help offset the oxidative stress induced by smoking. Increasing consumption of fruits and vegetables. At least five portions of fruits and vegetables should be consumed on a daily basis, as recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). 

5.2. Whole Grain:

Choose and Unprocessed Whole grains, such brown rice, quinoa, oats, and whole wheat, are some of the best sources of fiber and important nutrients. They have the potential to improve digestion while also helping to keep blood sugar levels stable.

5.3. Include Lean Proteins:

Choose lean options such as chicken, fish, lentils, tofu, and low-fat dairy products. Other lean protein options include soy products. Repairing damaged tissue and maintaining proper immunological function both need protein.

 

fruits and vegetables
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5.4. Hydration status:

Stay Hydrated. It is important to drink enough water throughout the day.

5.5. Reduce Intake of Salt and Processed Foods: 

Excessive salt consumption may lead to high blood pressure, which is especially problematic for smokers. Processed foods can contribute to high blood pressure. In order to improve the health of heart, try limiting the amount of processed and salty foods.

5.6. Supplements intake:

Taking Supplements Calcium and Vitamin D is essential. Smoking can hinder the absorption of calcium and vitamin D, both of which are essential for maintaining healthy bones. It is recommended to see a healthcare practitioner about possible dietary supplements.

5.7. Practice Mindful Eating:

The act of smoking may have an effect on one’s appetite as well as their ability to perceive flavors. Practicing mindful eating can help you become more attuned to hunger and satiety cues, making it easier to maintain a balanced diet.

5.8. Consult with Experienced Professionals:

Make an appointment to speak with a licensed dietitian or nutritionist who will be able to make a meal plan according to particular preferences, requirements, and way of life.

References

  1. Shields PG, Berman M, Brasky TM, et al. A review of pulmonary toxicity of electronic cigarettes in the context of smoking: a focus on inflammation. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2017;26(8):1175-1191.
  2. Jawad M, Abass J, Hariri A, Akl EA. Waterpipe smoking: prevalence and attitudes among medical students in London. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2013;17(1):137-140.
  3. National Institute on Drug Abuse. Research Report Series: Is Marijuana Safe? Revised June 2020. Accessed on 20th July 2023: https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/marijuana/marijuana-safe
  4. Renda G. et al. Smoking impairs vitamin D bioavailability, bioactivity and safety. Nat Med. 2013;19(8):1013-1019.
  5. Krukowski RA, Pope RA, Love S, Lensing S, Liu J, Felix HC, West DS. Examination of the relationship between use of electronic nicotine delivery systems and self-reported changes in appetite for smoking cessation among the population assessment of tobacco and health. Nicotine Tob Res. 2019 May 21;21(6):753-757.
  6. World Health Organization. (2003). Diet, Nutrition, and the Prevention of Chronic Diseases. Report of a Joint WHO/FAO Expert Consultation. Retrieved from https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/42665/WHO_TRS_916.pdf
  7. Renda, G., Vučković, F., Maarman, G., Czarkowska-Pączek, B., Olivecrona, G., Parini, P., & Eriksson, J. W. (2013). Smoking impairs vitamin D bioavailability, bioactivity, and safety. The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism, 98(10), 4168–4175.